What is the most famous German concentration camp?

What is the most famous German concentration camp?

Auschwitz, the largest and arguably the most notorious of all the Nazi death camps, opened in the spring of 1940. Its first commandant was Rudolf Höss (1900-47), who previously had helped run the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Oranienburg, Germany.

What type of camp was Neuengamme?

Nazi concentration camps
Neuengamme was a network of Nazi concentration camps in Northern Germany that consisted of the main camp, Neuengamme, and more than 85 satellite camps. Established in 1938 near the village of Neuengamme in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, the Neuengamme camp became the largest concentration camp in Northwest Germany.

What is the best concentration camp to visit in Germany?

The visit may have been part of the curriculum, but the teenagers’ compassion seems natural and genuine.

  • Dachau.
  • Wannsee House.
  • Bergen-Belsen.
  • Buchenwald Memorial.
  • Nazi party rally grounds.
  • Memorial to the German Resistance.
  • Hadamar Euthanasia Center.
  • Holocaust Memorial.

How many people died in Neuengamme concentration camp?

42,900 people
Living and working conditions were murderous. Altogether, at least 42,900 people died in the Neuengamme main camp and satellite camps, or they died on the death marches when the camps were evacuated or when the prisoner ships were bombed.

Which concentration camp should I visit?

It is essential to visit both parts of the camp, Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau, in order to acquire a proper sense of the place that has become the symbol of the Holocaust of the European Jews as well as Nazi crimes againt Poles, Romas and other groups.

What is the closest concentration camp to Berlin?

Sachsenhausen concentration camp
The SS established the Sachsenhausen concentration camp as the principal concentration camp for the Berlin area. Located near Oranienburg, north of Berlin, the Sachsenhausen camp opened on July 12, 1936, when the SS transferred 50 prisoners from the Esterwegen concentration camp to begin construction of the camp.