# What is subcarrier in OFDM?

## What is subcarrier in OFDM?

A subcarrier is a secondary modulated signal frequency modulated into the main frequency (the carrier) to provide an additional channel of transmission. It allows for a single transmission to carry more than one separate signal.

## How many subcarrier are there in OFDM?

Because of the 78.125 KHz spacing, an OFDMA 20 MHz channel consists of a total of 256 subcarriers (tones) as depicted in Figure 2.

How is OFDM bandwidth calculated?

Thus the bandwidth of the OFDM baseband signal is N/2*delta_f,delta_f is the sub-carrier frequency spacing. The sub-carrier frequency spacing delta_f =1/Ts= 1/(Td * N), Ts is the OFDM symbol duration,Td is the sampling symbol duration and equal to the smapling time interval。 Thus Td=1/fs, fs is the DAC sampling rate.

### What is meant by subcarrier?

A subcarrier is a sideband of a radio frequency carrier wave, which is modulated to send additional information. Examples include the provision of colour in a black and white television system or the provision of stereo in a monophonic radio broadcast.

### Why subcarrier spacing is 15 kHz in LTE?

In addition to this the subcarriers spacing is 15 kHz, i.e. the LTE subcarriers are spaced 15 kHz apart from each other. To maintain orthogonality, this gives a symbol rate of 1 / 15 kHz = of 66.7 µs. Each subcarrier is able to carry data at a maximum rate of 15 ksps (kilosymbols per second).

What is the space between a subcarrier and the next subcarrier in an LTE network?

In addition to this the subcarriers spacing is 15 kHz, i.e. the LTE subcarriers are spaced 15 kHz apart from each other. To maintain orthogonality, this gives a symbol rate of 1 / 15 kHz = of 66.7 µs.

#### What is OFDM bandwidth?

Each OFDM channel consists of 128 to 2048 sub-carriers and can occupy bandwidths from 1.25 MHz to 20 MHz.

#### What is subcarrier bandwidth in LTE?

In addition to this the subcarriers spacing is 15 kHz, i.e. the LTE subcarriers are spaced 15 kHz apart from each other. Each subcarrier is able to carry data at a maximum rate of 15 ksps (kilosymbols per second). This gives a 20 MHz bandwidth system a raw symbol rate of 18 Msps.

# What is subcarrier in OFDM?

## What is subcarrier in OFDM?

Both OFDM and OFDMA divided a channel into subcarriers through a mathematical function known as an inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT). The spacing of the subcarriers is orthogonal, so they will not interfere with one another despite the lack of guard bands between them. Each OFDM subcarrier is 312.5 KHz.

### What is subcarrier in modulation?

A subcarrier is a sideband of a radio frequency carrier wave, which is modulated to send additional information. Examples include the provision of colour in a black and white television system or the provision of stereo in a monophonic radio broadcast.

#### How many subcarrier OFDM are there?

52 subcarriers
A single OFDM symbol contains 52 subcarriers; 48 are data subcarriers and 4 are pilot subcarriers. The center, “DC” or “Null”, zero subcarrier is not used. All data subcarriers use the same modulation format within a given burst.

What does orthogonal mean in OFDM?

Orthogonality. In OFDM, the subcarrier frequencies are chosen so that the subcarriers are orthogonal to each other, meaning that crosstalk between the sub-channels is eliminated and inter-carrier guard bands are not required.

Is OFDM used in 5G?

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is an efficient modulation format used in modern wireless communication systems including 5G.

## Why are there different subcarrier spacing in 5G?

Wider subcarrier spacing would provide better resistance to such increased Doppler shifts at higher frequency bands. Furthermore, 5G NR provides a flexible solution to support various applications by choosing an appropriate configuration. For example, when higher Δf is used, it results in a shorter slot duration.

### What is subcarrier spacing in 5G?

In 5G NR, subcarrier spacing of 15, 30, 60, 120 and 240 KHz are supported. As you see here, each numerology is labled as a parameter (u, mu in Greek). The numerology (u = 0) represents subcarrier spacing of 15 kHz which is same as LTE.

#### What is subcarrier spacing in LTE?

In LTE, the channel spacing is 15 kHz. The symbol period therefore is 1/15 kHz = 66.7 µs. The high-speed serial data to be transmitted is divided up into multiple slower streams, and each is used to modulate one of the subcarriers. A 20-MHz channel might use 1024 carriers.

Does WIFI 5 Use OFDMA?

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) is a further enhancement to OFDM that lets multiple devices share a wireless channel, improving the channel’s overall use. OFDMA is already deployed in 4G and 5G….OFDMA improves spectrum use in Wi-Fi 6.

 Channel Size 20, 40 MHz 20, 40, 80, 160 MHz 20, 40, 80, 160 MHz

What are the disadvantages of OFDM?

The disadvantages are as follows: The OFDM signal has a noise like amplitude with a very large dynamic range; hence it requires RF power amplifiers with a high peak to average power ratio. than single carrier systems are due to leakage of the DFT. It is sensitive to Doppler shift.

## What is OFDM in 5G?

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is an efficient modulation format used in modern wireless communication systems including 5G. OFDM combines the benefits of Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) and Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM) to produce a high-data-rate communication system.

### Which is the DC subcarrier in OFDMA PHY?

In OFDM and OFDMA PHY layers, the DC subcarrier is the subcarrier whose frequency is equal to the RF centre frequency of the transmitting station. 4. What processing step combines multiple OFDM subcarriers into a single signal for transmission?

#### How many null subcarriers are there in OFDM PHY?

For OFDM PHY, there are eight pilot subcarriers. Null subcarriers: no transmission. These are frequency guard bands. Another null subcarrier is the DC (Direct Current) subcarrier. In OFDM and OFDMA PHY layers, the DC subcarrier is the subcarrier whose frequency is equal to the RF centre frequency of the transmitting station.

What is the difference between OFDM and OFDMA subcarriers?

OFDM are sometimes also referred to as OFDM tones. In this blog series, we will use both terms interchangeably. Each OFDM subcarrier is 312.5 KHz.

How many subcarriers are in an OFDMA 20 MHz channel?

As a result of the longer symbol time, the subcarrier size and spacing decreases from 312.5 KHz to 78.125 KHz. The narrow subcarrier spacing allows better equalization and therefore enhanced channel robustness. Because of the 78.125 KHz spacing, an OFDMA 20 MHz channel consists of a total of 256 subcarriers (tones) as depicted in Figure 2.