What impact did the Boxing Day tsunami have on the environment?
Most of the damage was to the coastal infrastructure, including harbours, destruction of coastal vegetation, and extensive sand erosion. Sea water intrusion into inland areas also affected soil fertility, causing many islands’ top soil to be washed away and increasing the salinity of the soil.
What are the effects of a tsunami environment?
Environmental impacts A tsunami changes the landscape. It uproots trees and plants and destroys animal habitats such as nesting sites for birds. Land animals are killed by drowning and sea animals are killed by pollution if dangerous chemicals are washed away into the sea, thus poisoning the marine life.
How did the Boxing Day tsunami affect the people and the land?
Lost homes, land and livelihoods The tsunami wrought unfathomable destruction to homes, land and livelihoods. About half a million people were displaced. Most of the displaced lost their homes in the tsunami. Many lost family and friends.
How did the 2004 tsunami affect the community?
The tsunami destroyed towns, villages and livelihoods. Half a million houses were damaged or destroyed. Fields and wells were poisoned with saline water. Since 2004 it has provided 4,807,000 people with assistance; 51,395 new houses have been built; 289 hospitals and clinics built or rehabilitated.
How did the Boxing Day tsunami affect the economy?
US $ 9.9 billion was originally estimated to be the value of economic, infrastuctural and human development losses. 5. Over 600,000 people in Aceh lost their livelihoods (in some cases only for a few months) including all those in the fishery sector and 30 percent of those in agriculture.
What were the long term effects of the Boxing Day tsunami?
Tsunami of December 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most infamous tsunami of modern times with disastrous consequences in many areas (i)humanitarian toll: it affected more than 18 countries from Southeast Asia to Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day and leaving more …
What are 5 effects of a tsunami?
4. Types of tsunami impacts
|Impact||People and Animals|
|Water Currents||Moving waves wash out residential settlements, human beings and cattle.|
|Contamination||Contaminated water injures and causes health hazards|
|Debris/sediments of soil||Human fatalities and severe injuries|
|Gas and Fire||Leakage of gas, explosions due to leakage.|
How many died Boxing Day tsunami?
It is thought that approximately 10,000 British nationals were in the affected region when the tsunami struck. As at the end of September 2006, there were 150 confirmed British dead and one highly likely to have died, giving a total of 151.
Which countries did the Boxing Day tsunami hit?
The tsunami killed at least 225,000 people across a dozen countries, with Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand sustaining massive damage.
How did the Boxing Day tsunami affect the environment?
Also, what did the Boxing Day tsunami do to the environment? Environmental impacts of the tsunami Farm land ruined by salt water. 8 million litres of oil escaped from oil plants in Indonesia. Mangrove forests along the coast were destroyed. Coral reefs and coastal wetlands damaged.
How tall was the tsunami on Boxing Day 2004?
As the thrusting took place, an enormous volume of sea water was displaced and as it neared the shoreline of various countries, the tsunami waves reached a height of more than 30 feet. Read the following sections to gain more information about the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. What Caused The Boxing Day Tsunami in 2004?
How did the tsunami in Indonesia affect the environment?
Environmental impacts of the tsunami Farm land ruined by salt water. 8 million litres of oil escaped from oil plants in Indonesia. Mangrove forests along the coast were destroyed. Coral reefs and coastal wetlands damaged.
What was the name of the tsunami in 2004?
It was also the third-largest earthquake in recorded history on our planet. The oceanic disaster caused, is also referred to by names such as the Boxing Day Tsunami, South Asian Tsunami, or the Indonesian Tsunami.