What are the different categories in swimming competitions in the Paralympics?

What are the different categories in swimming competitions in the Paralympics?

Swimmers are separated into three disability classes: physical disability, vision impairment and intellectual disability. They are then classified according to the severity of their impairment.

How many groups are there to categorize Paralympic swimming athletes?

As a consequence, an athlete may meet the criteria in one sport, but may not meet the criteria in another sport. World Para Swimming caters for three impairment groups – physical, intellectual and vision. The sport class names in swimming consist of a prefix “S” or “SB” and a number.

What are the different classification of swimming?

Swimmers are divided into ten classes based on degree of functional disability: S1, S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8, S9 and S10. The most severely affected are in class S1; these swimmers normally use wheelchairs outside of the pool.

What is the S14 classification in Paralympic swimming?

intellectual impairment
Vision impaired swimmers S/SB11-13: These categories are for swimmers with visual impairments — S11 swimmers must use blackout goggles in all events to ensure fair competition. S14: This category is for swimmers with an intellectual impairment.

What is S3 classification in swimming?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. S3, SB2, SM3 are disability swimming classifications used for categorising swimmers based on their level of disability. People in this class have decent arm and hand function, but no use of their trunk and legs. They have severe disabilities in all their limbs.

What are the Paralympic classifications?

Categories of disability

  • Amputee athletes.
  • Cerebral Palsy athletes.
  • Vision impaired athletes.
  • Wheelchair athletes.
  • Les Autres (“the others”)
  • Intellectual impairment.

What is s 14 in Paralympics?

Sport Class 14: Intellectual impairment Swimmers with intellectual impairment who also meet the sport-specific criteria compete in sport class 14.

What is the Paralympic motto?

Spirit in Motion
The Paralympic motto is “Spirit in Motion”.

How are para-swimmers classified at the Paralympics?

At major international para-swimming competitions such as at the Paralympic Games, athletes will only compete against athletes in the same class. Swimmers are classed in one of 15 groups based on their degree of ability, with each group indicating a different level of physical, visual, intellectual or hearing impairment.

What does SM stand for in para swimming?

The prefix SM represents classification for individual medley events. The current para-swimming classification set out by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) uses classes S1 – S10 for different levels of physical impairment, with a lower number indicating a more severe impairment.

What is the classification system in the Paralympics?

Consequently, a system has to be put in place to minimise the impact of impairments on sport performance andto ensure the success of an athlete is determined by skill, fitness, power, endurance, tactical ability and mental focus. This system is called classification.

How is visual impairment classified in para swimming?

Click here to find out more about para-swimming classification on the World Para-Swimming website. The three visual impairment classes (S11 – S13) range from very low or no visual ability in the S11 class to the least severe visual impairment in the S13 class. To ensure fairness, all athletes in the S11 class wear blackened goggles.