How do I use fail2ban?

How do I use fail2ban?

Configuring fail2ban

  1. Log in to your server using SSH.
  2. At the command prompt, type the following command: cp /etc/fail2ban/jail.conf /etc/fail2ban/jail.local.
  3. Open the jail.
  4. Locate the [DEFAULT] section, which contains the following global options:
  5. Save your changes to the jail.

Is fail2ban needed?

Do you need Fail2Ban if SSH password logins are disabled? Fail2ban will still help, as it will block IPs repeatedly failing key-based authentication. In short, it’s a bonus middle-finger to whoever is crossing the line. I might also suggest running SSH on a non-standard port as another layer of obfuscation.

Does fail2ban work with UFW?

Using fail2ban with ufw ufw (Uncomplicated Firewall) is another tool for managing firewall that has recently became a standard across different Linux distributions. With the default configuration fail2ban uses iptables to block traffic; however, it is also possible to configure fail2ban to use ufw to manage rules.

Does fail2ban require iptables?

Normally, fail2ban works with iptables by default. However, installing fail2ban on CentOS 7 also installs fail2ban-firewalld — which changes that default. Even with a properly configured fail2ban jail, you will not see the expected results. fail2ban will log events as expected, but no traffic will actually be banned.

How do I check if fail2ban is working?

log if fail2ban has been started. You’ll also see output related to fail2ban activity. If you installed failed2ban via the package manager or software center, you should see entries in the /etc/rc* directories for fail2ban, which indicate (on default settings and without customization) that it will run on startup.

How do I start fail2ban service?


  1. Connect to the server using SSH.
  2. Check that /var/run/fail2ban and /run/lock/files directories exist: # ls -ld /run/lock/files /run/fail2ban.
  3. Set the correct PID file in /etc/fail2ban/fail2ban.conf so it looks like this: # Option: pidfile.
  4. Restart fail2ban service: # systemctl restart fail2ban.service.

What is jail fail2ban?

A Fail2Ban jail is a combination of a filter and one or several actions. A filter defines a regular expression that matches a pattern corresponding to a failed login attempt or another suspicious activity. Actions define commands that are executed when the filter catches an abusive IP address.

How do I check my fail2ban status?

Monitor Fail2ban Logs and Firewall Configuration Start by using systemctl to check the status of the service: sudo systemctl status fail2ban.

How do you list the rules for ufw?

UFW has no dedicated command to list rules but uses its primary command ufw status to give you an overview of the firewall along with the list of rules. Moreover, you can’t list the rules when the firewall is inactive. The status shows the rules being enforced as of that moment.

How do I know if IP is fail2ban banned?

Fail2ban log on the server is at /var/log/fail2ban. log and this logs the details like IP addresses that are banned, the jail, and time they are blocked. Our Support Engineers check these logs to confirm if the IP is blocked by Fail2ban.

How do you test a fail2ban filter?

The simplest way to check whether a filter is appropriate for your server is to test it using the fail2ban-regex script. The output will look something like the following: Running tests