What is the medical definition of malnutrition?
(mal-noo-TRIH-shun) A condition caused by not getting enough calories or the right amount of key nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, that are needed for health. Malnutrition may occur when there is a lack of nutrients in the diet or when the body cannot absorb nutrients from food.
What is malnutrition and types of malnutrition?
Malnutrition, in all its forms, includes undernutrition (wasting, stunting, underweight), inadequate vitamins or minerals, overweight, obesity, and resulting diet-related noncommunicable diseases. 1.9 billion adults are overweight or obese, while 462 million are underweight.
What are the causes of malnutrition PDF?
Underlying causes are:
- Family food insecurity.
- Inadequate care of vulnerable household members (e.g. ‘unfair’ sharing of food within families)
- Unhygienic living conditions (e.g. poor water supplies and poor sanitation)
- Inadequate health services.
What are the two types of malnutrition?
Malnutrition is often split into two broad groups of conditions:
- undernutrition, including stunting, wasting, underweight and micronutrient deficiencies.
- overweight, obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
What is the main cause of malnutrition?
Causes of malnutrition include inappropriate dietary choices, a low income, difficulty obtaining food, and various physical and mental health conditions. Undernutrition is one type of malnutrition . It occurs when the body does not get enough food. It can lead to delayed growth, low weight, or wasting.
What are the 2 types of malnutrition?
What are the 2 signs of malnutrition?
Some signs and symptoms of malnutrition include:
- a lack of appetite or interest in food or drink.
- tiredness and irritability.
- an inability to concentrate.
- always feeling cold.
- loss of fat, muscle mass, and body tissue.
- a higher risk of getting sick and taking longer to heal.
- longer healing time for wounds.
What are the two main types of malnutrition?
What is the reason of malnutrition?
Malnutrition occurs when a person does not receive adequate nutrients from diet. This causes damage to the vital organs and functions of the body. Lack of food is the most cause of malnutrition in the poorer and developing countries.