What do you mean by hardenability?

What do you mean by hardenability?

Hardenability is a term that is used to describe a given steel’s ability to harden. It does not mean “what hardness can be achieved.” Hardenability is usually determined by the Jominy end-quench test. In other words, it will show the depth of hardening across an equivalent diameter bar of steel.

What does hardenability mean from a design perspective?

Hardenability is the ability of the steel to partially or to completely transform from austenite to some fraction of martensite at a given depth below the surface when cooled under a given condition from high temperature.

What are the types of hardenability?

Hardenability of Steel

  • Austenite: Face-Centered cubic iron; also iron and steel alloys that have the FCC crystal structure.
  • Ferrite: Body-centered cubic iron and steel alloys that have a BCC crystal structure.
  • Cementite: Iron carbide (Fe3C)

What is hardenability and hardness?

Hardness vs Hardenability Hardness is a material property that signifies an alloy’s resistance to penetration. Hardenability signifies how deep the alloy can be hardened upon quenching after its exposure to heat treatment.

What is difference between hardening and hardenability?

To recap: hardness is how hard the actual steel is based on the resistance of penetration. Hardenability is the potential the steel has to be hardened by thermal treatment. Each of these has tests associated to come up with a measurement that is quantifiable.

What is the main purpose of the Jominy test?

The Jominy test provides a measure of the ability of a steel to harden by transforming into martensite under set conditions, i.e., a measure of the hardenability of the steel.

What is hardenability of material?

While hardness is a material property, hardenability describes the ability for material to be hardened by thermal treatment. To put this one simply, it talks about potential. When a piece of steel goes through thermal treatment, it’s called quenching and tempering.

What is difference between hardening and hardness?

What is hardenability and how it is measured?

The hardenability of a ferrous alloy is measured by a Jominy test: a round metal bar of standard size (indicated in the top image) is transformed to 100% austenite through heat treatment, and is then quenched on one end with room-temperature water. This information is plotted on a hardenability graph.

How is hardenability useful?

Introduction • Hardenability is one of the most important properties of a steel because it describes the ease with which a given steel can be quenched to form martensite or the depth to which martensite is formed on a given quench. Steels with high hardenability form martensite even on slow cooling.

What does the hardenability of a metal mean?

The quality or degree of being hardenable. The hardenability of a metal alloy is the depth up to which a material is hardened after putting through a heat treatment process.The unit of hardenability is the same as of length. It is an indication of how deep into the material a certain hardness can be achieved.

Which is an example of a hardenability test?

Jominy test dimensioning. Jominy test apparatus. Used Jominy test-piece. Example Jominy results. The hardenability of a metal alloy is the depth to which a material is hardened after putting it through a heat treatment process. It should not be confused with hardness, which is a measure of a sample’s resistance to indentation or scratching.

What kind of elements are added to steel to increase hardenability?

Certain elements added to steel, such as nickel or molybdenum, significantly increase the hardenability of steel. They’re normally added to alloy steels in large amounts in thicker plate or larger diameter bar. You can read more about elements in steel here.

Who is the inventor of the hardenability graph?

The farther away from the quenched end that the hardness extends, the higher the hardenability. This information is plotted on a hardenability graph. The Jominy end-quench test was invented by Walter E. Jominy (1893-1976) and A.L. Boegehold, metallurgists in the Research Laboratories Division of General Motors Corp., in 1937.