What are cereal based foods?

What are cereal based foods?

Cereal-based foods are the major staples around the world (Wrigley, 2010). These foods are mostly made from a variety of grains including wheat, maize, oats, rice, rye, barley, millet, quinoa, and sorghum, with rice, maize, and wheat comprising two-thirds of human food consumption (Day, 2013).

What are functional foods examples?

Examples of functional foods

  • Fruits: berries, kiwi, pears, peaches, apples, oranges, bananas.
  • Vegetables: broccoli, cauliflower, kale, spinach, zucchini.
  • Nuts: almonds, cashews, pistachios, macadamia nuts, Brazil nuts.
  • Seeds: chia seeds, flax seeds, hemp seeds, pumpkin seeds.

What is cereal based fermented foods?

Traditional fermented foods prepared from most common types of cereals (such as rice, wheat, corn or sorghum) are well known in many parts of the world. Some are utilixed as colorants, spices, beverages and breakfast or light meal foods, while a few of them are used as main foods in the diet.

What are the 4 functional food categories?

There are currently four categories of claims that food manufacturers can use on labels to communicate health in- formation to consumers. These cate- gories include: nutrient content claims; structure/function claims; health claims; and qualified health claims.

What are cereals examples?

Important cereals are wheat, rice, maize, oat, barley, rye, millet and sorghum. Cereal grains are easy to carry, package and transport from one place to another, and are used as an ingredient in many products, for example porridge, breakfast cereals, bread, cereal based beverages etc.

What are the six cereals?

There are six true cereals in the world today, which are Wheat, Rye, Rice, Oats and maize. Of these wheat, maize and rice are the most important, and each has played roles in the development of civilizations.

Is tea a functional food?

Functional foods are foods with positive health effects that extend beyond their nutritional value. Green tea, a time-honoured Chinese herb, might be regarded as a functional food because of its inherent anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antimutagenic properties.

What do functional foods contain?

Foods are typically considered functional if they contain a bioactive component such as nutrients (vitamins, minerals, protein, etc.) or non-nutrients (phytochemicals including polyphenols, prebiotic dietary fibers, etc.)

Is fermentation used in cereal?

Since fermentation with either lactic acid bacteria, yeasts or fungi is extensively employed to produce cereal-based foods with enhanced health properties (17, 18), its application to cereal by-products could, to a wider extent, improve the overall eco-sustainability of the food system, providing a suitable alternative …

What are the 3 categories of functional foods?

Functional foods can be grouped into three categories; functional packaged foods, functional beverages and functional fresh foods. Examples of functional packaged foods include breads and cereals that have additional ingredients that can provide a health benefit such as increased dietary fibre, vitamins or minerals.