How do I reference the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory?

How do I reference the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory?

State-Trait Anxiety Inventory: Bibliography (2nd ed.). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press. Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, R., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, G. A. (1983). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.

How long does the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory take?


Scale Content Time, minutes
STAI Current “state” anxiety; pervasive “trait” anxiety 10
BAI Symptoms of anxiety with a focus on somatic symptoms 5–10
HADS-A Generalized symptoms of anxiety and fear ≤5

What is the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory?

Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) [Spielberger 1983] is a self-reported instrument. It was designed to assess levels of state anxiety and traint anxiety, through 40 items scored by a likert-scale. State anxiety can be defined as a transient momentary emotional status that results from situational stress.

How do you prove anxiety?

To diagnose an anxiety disorder, a doctor performs a physical exam, asks about your symptoms, and recommends a blood test, which helps the doctor determine if another condition, such as hypothyroidism, may be causing your symptoms. The doctor may also ask about any medications you are taking.

Is the State trait anxiety Inventory multidimensional?

The anxiety-present and anxiety-absent factors were interpreted as reflecting either ‘item method’ variance or ‘item-intensity specificity’. There was no evidence in the present study that the STAI scales were multidimensional in terms of item content.

What does trait anxiety look like?

Trait anxiety refers to the stable tendency to attend to, experience, and report negative emotions such as fears, worries, and anxiety across many situations. This is part of the personality dimension of neuroticism versus emotional stability.

How do I know if I need medication for anxiety?

7 Signs You Might Benefit from Anti-Anxiety Medication

  • You’re Perpetually Nervous and on Edge.
  • You Avoid Things That Are Good for You.
  • You Toss and Turn Every Night.
  • You Have Mysterious Aches and Pains.
  • You Have a Permanent Bellyache.
  • You Work Hard but Get Nothing Done.
  • You Regularly Fly Off the Handle.

How can you tell if a girl has anxiety?

Symptoms of an Anxiety Disorder in Women

  1. Stomach problems such as ongoing nausea, inability to eat much, and stomach pain.
  2. Heart rate increases especially during stressful or triggering situations or events.
  3. Feelings of tiredness, lethargy, or weakness.
  4. Concentration and focus difficulties.

What is the State Trait Anxiety Inventory for adults?

Author: Charles D. Spielberger. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults™ (STAI-AD) is the definitive instrument for measuring anxiety in adults. It clearly differentiates between the temporary condition of “state anxiety” and the more general and long-standing quality of “trait anxiety.”.

Which is the best measure of adult anxiety?

Construct: Adult anxiety. Description of Measure: The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) is a commonly used measure of trait and state anxiety (Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, Vagg, & Jacobs, 1983). It can be used in clinical settings to diagnose anxiety and to distinguish it from depressive syndromes.

How is trait anxiety measured on the STAI-T?

… The STAI-T (Spielberger, Gorsuch, Lushene, Vagg, & Jacobs, 1983) is a self-report questionnaire that measures trait anxiety. Participants report their responses to 20 items on a scale from 1 (almost never) to 4 (almost always).

How many questions are in the Anxiety Inventory?

The inventory’s simplicity makes it ideal for evaluating individuals with lower educational backgrounds. Adapted in more than forty languages, the STAI is the leading measure of personal anxiety worldwide. The STAI has forty questions with a range of four possible responses to each.