Why is mental causation a problem for dualism?
The main assumption that generates problems for mental causation is dualism, the view that mental phenomena and physical phenomena are fundamentally different from each other.
What are objections to dualism?
The most commonly heard objection to Substance Dualism is the interaction problem, first raised by Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia in her correspondence with Descartes. 4. Dualism says that the soul and the body are substances of contrary natures yet that they somehow causally influence each other.
What is the concept of mental causation?
Mental causation occurs when mental entities cause other mental and physical entities: seeings causing believings, itches causing scratchings, headaches causing eye twitches, and so on.
Why do mental states and processes pose problems for materialism and dualism?
POINTS: 2 TYPE: ES ANSWER: Mental states pose problems for materialism because if materialism is true, there simply are NO invisible private subjective “mental” events — and this seems absurd, especially when you’re talking about your OWN mental events. Mental events also pose problems for substance dualism.
What materialist theory of mind claims that expressions of mental states are merely dispositions to act in certain ways?
“Dispositional Behaviourists (Gilbert Ryle) say that mental states are dispositions to behave in certain ways = how one would act if the conditions were right (to say that a vase is fragile is to say what would happen to it if it were dropped, struck by a hammer, etc).
What is epistemological dualism?
Abstract. Discusses epistemic dualism, which entails the belief that our interpretation of a person’s actions is fundamentally different, depending on whether we encounter that person in an amoral, naturalistic context or in a moral, supernaturalistic context.
What are the differences between mind and body matter material?
According to Descartes, minds and bodies are distinct kinds of “substance”. Bodies, he held, are spatially extended substances, incapable of feeling or thought; minds, in contrast, are unextended, thinking, feeling substances.