When was bonded labour Act passed in India?
As per Article 23 of the Indian Constitution, traffic in human beings and other forms of forced labour are prohibited. Based on this constitutional provision, the Government of India passed The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976.
What is bonded labour in Labour law?
A person becomes a bonded labourer when their labour is demanded as a means of repayment for a loan. The person is then tricked or trapped into working for very little or no pay. Bonded labour is prohibited in India by law vide Articles 21 and 23 of the Constitution.
Who is called bonded labour?
(f) “bonded labourer” means a labourer who incurs, or has, is presumed to. have, incurred, a bonded debt; (g) “bonded labour system” means the system of forced, or partly forced, labour under which a debtor enters, or has, or is presumed to have, entered, into an agreement with the creditor to the effect that,–
Under which article bonded labour is a punishable crime?
Punishment for enforcement of bonded labour. Any person who compels a person to render bonded labour will be punished with imprisonment of up to 3 years and a fine which may extend to INR 2,000.
What are the types of bonded labour?
The two basic features of bonded labour are indebtedness and forced labour. Forced labour can hereditarily descend from father to son or be passed on for generations together. During the period of bondage, the debtor cannot seek employment with any other person.
When was bonded labour abolished?
|Short Title:||The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976|
|Long Title:||An Act to provide for the abolition of bonded labour system with a view to preventing the economic and physical exploitation of the weaker sections of the people and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.|
What are the problems of bonded labour?
Bonded labour can lead to extreme consequences poverty, health problems, loss of social prestige, psychological problems, lowering of economic standards and others. Apart from high debts, even human trafficking takes place for finding victims for forced labour.
Where is bonded labour most common?
Bonded labour is most widespread in South Asian countries such as India and Pakistan. Often entire families have to work to pay off the debt taken by one of its members. Sometimes, the debt can be passed down the generations and children can be held in debt bondage because of a loan their parents had taken decades ago.
What are the features of bonded labour?
What causes bonded labour?
Bonded labour flourishes because of poverty and widespread caste-based discrimination. Limited access to justice, education and jobs for discriminated groups makes it difficult to get out of poverty. The need for cash for daily survival forces people to sell their labour in exchange for a loan.
What is the main reason for bonded labour?
Bonded labor stems from a variety of causes, which are highly debated in the literature: an ingrained legacy of caste-based discrimination, vast poverty and inequality, an inadequate education system, unjust social relations, and the government’s unwillingness to alter the status quo all exemplify a few such causes.
What did the abolition of Bonded Labour Act do?
4. Abolition of bonded labour system.—. (1) On the commencement of this Act, the bonded labour system shall stand abolished and every bonded labourer shall, on such commencement, stand freed and discharged from any obligation to render any bonded labour.
What was the law on bonded labour in 1976?
However, the major law governing the practice of bonded labour is The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976.
What did the abolititon Act of 1976 do?
The Bonded Labour System (Abolititon) Act, 1976, provides for the abolition of bonded labour system and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Section 2 of the Act defines “bonded labour”, “bonded labour system”.
Why was bonded labour abolished in India in 1976?
It also ruled that bonded labour comes within the ambit of forced labour hence prohibited as per Article 23 of the Indian Constitution. The bonded Labour Abolition Act was enacted in 1976 and the main objective of this Act was to punish the people who employee bonded labours and to release and rehabilitate them.