What is the working principle of turbocharger?

What is the working principle of turbocharger?

The turbocharger on a car applies a very similar principle to a piston engine. It uses the exhaust gas to drive a turbine. This spins an air compressor that pushes extra air (and oxygen) into the cylinders, allowing them to burn more fuel each second.

What is Turbo process?

A turbocharger consists of a compressor wheel and exhaust gas turbine wheel coupled together by a solid shaft and that is used to boost the intake air pressure of an internal combustion engine. The exhaust gas turbine extracts energy from the exhaust gas and uses it to drive the compressor and overcome friction.

How do I know if my turbocharger is working?

There are a number of signs you can look out for to tell if your turbocharger has blown:

  8. WEAR & TEAR.

What is the purpose of turbocharger?

It is the job of the turbocharger to compress more air flowing into the engine’s cylinder. When air is compressed the oxygen molecules are packed closer together. This increase in air means that more fuel can be added for the same size naturally aspirated engine.

How does a turbocharger fail?

Most failures are caused by the three ‘turbo killers’ of oil starvation, oil contamination and foreign object damage. More than 90% of turbocharger failures are caused oil related either by oil starvation or oil contamination. Blocked or leaking pipes or lack of priming on fitting usually causes oil starvation.

Does a turbocharger reduce engine life?

2. Turbos Reduce the Lifespan of an Engine. One of the most common turbo myths is that running boost will damage your engine over time. However, a properly implemented turbo pushing enough PSI through a motor to produce respectable levels of power won’t strain a motor any more than idling in traffic will.

What is the advantage and disadvantage of turbocharger?

When an engine is fitted with a turbocharger, it is theoretically smaller and lighter than an engine producing the same power without a turbocharger. So, a turbocharger car often gives better fuel economy in that respect. Car manufacturers often use a much smaller engine to the same car.

How does the working principle of a turbocharger work?

The working principle of a turbocharger is almost similar to a jet engine. A jet engine eats up cold air through its front side, pushes it into a chamber to mix and burn with fuel, and then discharges hot air through the back side.

What are the disadvantages of a turbocharger?

Turbochargers have 2 main disadvantages when compared to a naturally aspirated or supercharged engine. Firstly is heat. Because a turbo is powered by hot exhaust gasses, it gets very hot.

What are the benefits of using a turbo?

Fuel-cost savings are among the top benefits of a turbocharger, along with the power output surge it provides. Despite more widespread use of turbochargers in recent years, there are still a lot of questions about what they do and how a turbo works.

What does turbo lag do to an engine?

Turbo lag is the time it takes for a turbocharger to start supplying the engine with an increased pressure and, consequently, a power boost. A turbocharger only provides a boost after it reaches a certain RPM threshold. Turbo lag is the time it takes an engine to reach that threshold after idling, or from a low speed.