What is the working memory model IB psychology?
The Working Memory Model (WMM) is a model that represents one aspect of memory —short-term memory (STM) or immediate memory. The model refers to the part of the memory that you use when working on a complex task which requires you to store and remember information as you go.
What are the four components of the working memory model?
Working memory is a multi-component system which includes the central executive, visuospatial sketchpad, phonological loop, and episodic buffer.
Is the working memory model cognitive?
The working memory model posited that as opposed to the simplistic functions of short-term memory in providing short-term storage of information, working memory is a multicomponent system that manipulates information storage for greater and more complex cognitive utility (Baddeley and Hitch, 1974; Baddeley, 1996, 2000b …
How does ADHD affect working memory?
Many people with ADD/ADHD have difficulty with aspects of memory. They may have difficulty with recall, focusing, organization, and distinguishing between important and unimportant cues. They may distract easily, become forgetful, or have difficulty getting started on tasks.
Is working memory the same as short term memory?
They both do not hold information for very long but short term memory simply stores information for a short while, while working memory retains the information in order to manipulate it. Short term memory is part of working memory but that doesn’t make it the same thing.
Who gave the concept of working memory?
Main Text. The term working memory was coined in 1960 by Miller, Galanter and Pribram in their classic book ‘Plans and the Structure of Behaviour’, used in 1968 by Atkinson and Shiffrin in an influential paper , and adopted as the title for a multicomponent model by Baddeley and Hitch .
What are the two memory models?
Two models that attempt to describe how memory works are the Multi-Store Model of Memory, developed by Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968), and the Working Memory Model of Memory, developed by Baddeley & Hitch (1974).
What causes poor working memory?
Weak working memory is a core difficulty for students with ADHD, Inattentive Type. Individuals with traumatic brain injury, deafness, oral language deficits or genetic disorders such as Down Syndrome are also more likely to have weak working memory.
How is the working memory model supported in real life?
And the model is supported by considerable experimental evidence. The working memory applies to real-life tasks: The KF Case Study supports the Working Memory Model. KF suffered brain damage from a motorcycle accident that damaged his short-term memory.
Is the working memory model supported by dual task studies?
Working memory is supported by dual-task studies (Baddeley and Hitch, 1976). The working memory model does not over emphasize the importance of rehearsal for STM retention, in contrast to the multi-store model. Weaknesses. Weaknesses
How is working memory different from short term memory?
Whereas working memory is a multi-component system (auditory, and visual). Therefore, whereas short-term memory can only hold information, working memory can both retainin and process information. Fig 1. The Working Memory Model (Baddeley and Hitch, 1974)
Can you name either of the two models of memory?
In the 2019 exam, the IB cannot name either of the two models of memory meaning only the following questions are permissible. SAQ: Describe/outline/explain one model of memory with reference to one research study. (My suggestion is to use MSM and Glanzer and Cunitz. Contrast two models of memory.