How do you get loiasis?
Loiasis, called African eye worm by most people, is caused by the parasitic worm Loa loa. It is passed on to humans through the repeated bites of deerflies (also known as mango flies or mangrove flies) of the genus Chrysops. The flies that pass on the parasite breed in certain rain forests of West and Central Africa.
What is the treatment for Loa loa?
The drug of choice for the treatment of loiasis is diethylcarbamazine (DEC) at a dose of 8-10 mg/kg per day given orally in three divided doses, although dose finding studies in Loa loa infection have not been performed (1).
What are the symptoms of loiasis?
If you have loiasis, you may have itchy, non-painful swellings of the body that come and go. The swellings can show up anywhere though they are more common near joints. You may develop an eye worm that crawls across the surface of your eye. Sometimes you may see a worm that crawls under your skin.
What kills parasites in skin?
There are two medications that can be used to treat the infection and manage the symptoms. The treatment of choice is diethylcarbamazine (DEC), which kills the microfilariae and adult worms. Albendazole is sometimes used in patients who are not cured with multiple DEC treatments.
How do you test for loa loa?
In general the diagnosis of L. loa infection should be made with blood smear. However, when blood smears are negative and clinical suspicion of infection is high, the general antibody test could be used in an attempt to exclude infection.
Can parasites come out of your eyes?
There are many parasites throughout the world that can infect humans. Some of these parasites can infect your eyes. A parasitic infection in your eye won’t always cause symptoms. But if you notice any unusual eye pain, inflammation, or vision changes, make an appointment with a doctor.
How do you prevent Paragonimiasis?
How can I prevent Paragonimus infection? Never eat raw freshwater crabs or crayfish. Cook crabs and crayfish to at least 145°F (~63°C). Travelers should be advised to avoid traditional meals containing undercooked freshwater crustaceans.
Who is at risk for loa loa?
The people most at risk for loiasis are those who live in the certain rain forests in West and Central Africa. The deerflies that pass the parasite to humans usually bite during the day and are more common during the rainy season. They are attracted by the movement of people and by smoke from wood fires.