Which of the following is true of functionalism?
The correct answer is b. It looks at how habits help one cope with common situations.
What is the problem of consciousness and what does it mean to say that this is a hard problem?
The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining why any physical state is conscious rather than nonconscious. It is the problem of explaining why there is “something it is like” for a subject in conscious experience, why conscious mental states “light up” and directly appear to the subject.
What are Qualia philosophy?
Qualia are the subjective or qualitative properties of experiences. Qualia have traditionally been thought to be intrinsic qualities of experience that are directly available to introspection. However, some philosophers offer theories of qualia that deny one or both of those features.
What part of the brain controls consciousness?
The cerebrum is the largest brain structure and part of the forebrain (or prosencephalon). Its prominent outer portion, the cerebral cortex, not only processes sensory and motor information but enables consciousness, our ability to consider ourselves and the outside world.
Why is functionalism wrong?
Functionalism does not claim that every mental system has a machine table of a sort that justifies attributions of mentality with respect to every specification of inputs and outputs, but rather, only with respect to some specification. Objection: The Chinese system would work too slowly.
Is crying a mental process?
Tears are therapeutic, and crying is cathartic. Thirty years ago, a biochemist found that emotional tears carry more protein than non-emotional tears (e.g. tears from chopping an onion) indicating that important psychological and physiological changes occur within the body when we shed tears.
What is it like to be a bat article?
The paper argues that the subjective nature of consciousness undermines any attempt to explain consciousness via objective, reductionist means. The subjective character of experience cannot be explained by a system of functional or intentional states. Bats are mammals, so they are assumed to have conscious experience.
Which psychological theory was based on the idea that conscious experience or complex object can be broken down into its basic underlying components?
Structuralism was founded by Wilhelm Wundt, who used controlled methods, such as introspection, to break down consciousness to its basic elements without sacrificing any of the properties of the whole. Structuralism was further developed by Wundt’s student, Edward B. Titchener.
What is phenomenal consciousness?
1 Phenomenal consciousness. Phenomenal consciousness is a form of state-consciousness: it is a property which some, but not other, mental states possess. More specifically, it is the property which mental states have when it is like something to undergo them (Nagel’s famous phrase, 1974).
What was Leibniz philosophy?
As will be shown, central to Leibniz’s philosophy was the view that God freely chose the best world from an infinite number of possible worlds and that a person could be said to act freely when the contrary of that action does not imply a contradiction.
Can a person yawn while in a coma?
Patients in this state of consciousness may exhibit behaviors that lead family members to incorrectly believe they are becoming awake and communicative. These behaviors can include grunting, yawning and moving the head and limbs.
Which area of the brain is responsible for functions such as heart rate and breathing?
The brain stem sits beneath your cerebrum in front of your cerebellum. It connects the brain to the spinal cord and controls automatic functions such as breathing, digestion, heart rate and blood pressure.