What is MCP and PIP?

What is MCP and PIP?

The joints involved most frequently are the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of the hands, the wrists, and small joints of the feet including the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints. The shoulders, elbows, knees, and ankles are also affected in many patients.

What does PIP and DIP mean?

The rest of the toes each have three phalanx bones (proximal, middle, and distal phalanges), so they have two interphalangeal joints: the proximal interphalangeal joint between the proximal and middle phalanges (abbreviated “PIP joint”) and the distal interphalangeal joint between the middle and distal phalanges ( …

What does PIP and DIP stand for in joints of the fingers?

The proximal interphalangeal (P.I.P.) and the distal interphalangeal (D.I.P.) Whereas the medial bundle of the extensor assembly runs over the dorsum of the proximal interphalangeal joint, the two lateral bundles of both sides pass the dorso-lateral aspect of this joint, to fuse more distally into one terminal tendon.

What is the PIP joint of a finger?

The PIP joint is the middle joint of each of your fingers. It is a highly complex joint with many soft tissue structures surrounding the bones to enable your finger to move. It is commonly damaged during falls and ball sports.

What is Dip finger?

The DIP joint is the first knuckle from the top of the finger. It connects the distal phalanx and middle phalanx, which are the two bones at the tip of the finger.

What is MCP joint?

The metacarpophalangeal joint or MP joint, also known as the first knuckle, is the large joint in the hand where the finger bones meet the hand bones. The MCP joint acts as a hinge joint and is vital during gripping and pinching. When arthritis affects the MP joint, the condition is called MP joint arthritis.

What does MCP joint stand for?

The metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP joint), or knuckle, is where the finger bones meet the hand bones.

How many knuckles are in a finger?

Finger Joints (Knuckles) Each finger contains 3 joints, more commonly known as knuckles. The thumb has two knuckle joints. The largest joint of each finger lies between the finger and the hand. This first joint at the base of the finger is called the metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP).

What does MCP stand for in anatomy?

The metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints are located where the hand’s fingers and thumb meet the palm. They are commonly known as large knuckles.

Where are the PIP and DIP joints?

The DIP joint in the finger is located at the tip of the finger, just before the finger nail starts. Common problems at this joint include Mallet Finger, Jersey Finger, arthritis, mucous cysts, and fractures. The PIP joint is the first joint of the finger and is located between the first two bones of the finger.