## What is compound symmetry in statistics?

Compound Symmetry just means that all the variances are equal and all the covariances are equal. So the same variance and covariance are used for all subjects. If you think this applies to the factors in your ANOVA model, compound symmetry is a good covariance structure to use because of its simple structure.

## Is compound symmetry in repeated measures ANOVA a requirement?

Although compound symmetry has been shown to be a sufficient condition for conducting ANOVA on repeated measures data, it is not a necessary condition. Sphericity is a less restrictive form of compound symmetry.

## How do you Analyse repeated measures data in R?

Compute and interpret the different repeated measures ANOVA in R. Check repeated measures ANOVA test assumptions. Perform post-hoc tests, multiple pairwise comparisons between groups to identify which groups are different. Visualize the data using box plots, add ANOVA and pairwise comparisons p-values to the plot.

## What makes a compound symmetry?

Compound symmetry holds when there is a pattern of constant variances along the diagonal (i.e. homogeneity of variance — see Error! Reference source not found. equation (2)) and constant covariances off of the diagonal (i.e. the covariances between treatments are equal — see Error!

## What is correlation and covariance in statistics?

In simple words, both the terms measure the relationship and the dependency between two variables. “Covariance” indicates the direction of the linear relationship between variables. “Correlation” on the other hand measures both the strength and direction of the linear relationship between two variables.

## What is compound symmetry covariance structure?

Covariance Structures are just patterns in covariance matrices. For example, the Compound Symmetry structure just means that all the variances are equal to each other and all the covariances are equal to each other. That’s it.

## What is compound symmetry assumption and why is it needed?

The regular p-value calculations in the repeated measures anova ( ranova ) are accurate if the theoretical distribution of the response variables has compound symmetry. This means that all response variables have the same variance, and each pair of response variables share a common correlation.

## What is the difference between paired t test and repeated measures ANOVA?

Repeated Measures ANOVA (RMA) is the extension of the paired t test. RMA is also referred to as within-subjects ANOVA or ANOVA for paired samples. (In paired samples t test, compared the means between two dependent groups, whereas in RMA, compared the means between three or more dependent groups).

## What does Ancova tell?

ANCOVA evaluates whether the means of a dependent variable (DV) are equal across levels of a categorical independent variable (IV) often called a treatment, while statistically controlling for the effects of other continuous variables that are not of primary interest, known as covariates (CV) or nuisance variables.

## What does a significant Mauchly’s test tell us?

Mauchly, Mauchly’s test of sphericity is a popular test to evaluate whether the sphericity assumption has been violated. ), sphericity cannot be assumed and we would therefore conclude that there are significant differences between the variances of the differences.

## What is compound symmetry?

Compound symmetry is essentially the “exchangeable” correlation structure, except with a specific decomposition for the total variance.

## Which is worst compound symmetry or completely unstructured model?

The original compound symmetry model is a close second. The completely unstructured model (for correlations) is the worst based on AIC and BIC. This model has the maximum log likelihood value (a good thing), but the gain in log likelihood was outweighed by the increased number of parameters that had to be estimated.

## Why is compound symmetry a good covariance structure?

If you think this applies to the factors in your ANOVA model, compound symmetry is a good covariance structure to use because of its simple structure. In other words, the correlation between trial 1 and trial 2 is equal to the correlation between trial 1 and trial 4 or trial 3 and trial 4, etc.

## What kind of correlation structure is compound symmetry?

It would be great if answers could point to some references for different correlational structures. Compound symmetry is essentially the “exchangeable” correlation structure, except with a specific decomposition for the total variance.