How PLL can be used as an FM demodulator?

How PLL can be used as an FM demodulator?

The PLL uses the concept of minimising the difference in phase between two signals: a reference signal and a local oscillator to replicate the reference signal frequency. Using this concept it is possible to use PLLs for many applications from frequency synthesizers to FM demodulators, and signal reconstitution.

What is the PLL used for FSK demodulation?

FSK demodulator using NE-SE 565 IC A very useful application of the 565 PLL is as a FSK demodulator. In the 565 PLL the frequency shift is usually accomplished by driving a VCO with the binary data signal so that the two resulting frequencies correspond to the logic 0 and logic 1 states of the binary data signal.

What are the different demodulation techniques of FM?

There are different types of FM demodulators including: Slope Detector. Foster-Seeley Discriminator. Ratio Detector.

How can a PLL be used as a frequency multiplier?

A phase-locked loop (PLL) uses a reference frequency to generate a multiple of that frequency. The signal from the VCO is divided down using frequency dividers by the multiplication factor. The divided signal and the reference frequency are fed into a phase comparator.

How does FM demodulator work?

In any radio that is designed to receive frequency modulated signals there is some form of FM demodulator or detector. This circuit takes in frequency modulated RF signals and takes the modulation from the signal to output only the modulation that had been applied at the transmitter.

How do you make a FM demodulator?

A simple and effective FM demodulation technique involves a high-pass filter (for FM-to-AM conversion) followed by an AM demodulator. A high-pass-filter-based FM demodulator is preceded by a limiter to prevent amplitude variations from contributing error to the demodulated signal.

What is FSK demodulator?

FSK Demodulation. FSK demodulator is a very beneficial application of the 565 PLL. In this, the frequency shift is generally proficient by motivating a VCO with the binary data signal. So that the two subsequent frequencies resemble the logic 0 & 1 states of the binary data signal.

What is PLL block diagram?

PLL Block Diagram It is basically a flip flop consisting of a phase detector, a low pass filter (LPF),and a Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO). Block Diagram – Phase Locked Loops. The input signal Vi with an input frequency fi is passed through a phase detector.

How is PLL frequency calculated?

Therefore, FOUT = (FREF/R) × (BP + A), as in Figure 4. There are many specifications to consider when designing a PLL. The input RF frequency range and the channel spacing determine the value of the R and N counter and the prescaler parameters. The loop bandwidth determines the frequency and phase lock time.