Which brain region controls cognition?
The frontal lobe is important for cognitive functions and control of voluntary movement or activity. The parietal lobe processes information about temperature, taste, touch and movement, while the occipital lobe is primarily responsible for vision.
What does the subcortical region of the brain do?
Subcortical structures are a group of diverse neural formations deep within the brain which include the diencephalon, pituitary gland, limbic structures and the basal ganglia. They act as information hubs of the nervous system, as they relay and modulate information passing to different areas of the brain.
What brain regions are involved in emotion?
A network of brain regions that process emotions is called an emotion processing network (see Figure 3). Let us name some of those brain regions that are activated by emotions. They are the amygdala, the prefrontal cortex, the cingulate cortex, the hippocampus, and the basal ganglia .
What are the 5 developmental regions of the brain?
These vesicles ultimately become five brain divisions: Telencephalon, Diencephalon, Mesencephalon (midbrain), Metencephalon, and Myelencephalon. The five brain divisions are convenient for regionally categorizing the locations of brain components.
Which side of the brain controls speech and memory?
In general, the left hemisphere or side of the brain is responsible for language and speech. Because of this, it has been called the “dominant” hemisphere.
What are the 3 elements of emotion?
Emotional experiences have three components: a subjective experience, a physiological response and a behavioral or expressive response.
What are the 6 major brain regions?
6 Major Parts of the Brain and What They Do
- Frontal Lobes. At the front of the brain are the frontal lobes, and the part lying just behind the forehead is called the prefrontal cortex.
- Temporal Lobes.
- Occipital Lobes.
- Parietal Lobes.
- The Thalamus.
- The Hypothalamus.
- The Hippocampus.
- The Amygdala.
When does the diencephalon form in the brain?
Namely, in the 5th embryonic week, the secondary cerebral vesicles form after the prosencephalon is divided into telencephalon (big brain) and diencephalon (midbrain). Precisely, the diencephalon develops from its median region.
How is the diencephalon related to the NS?
Moreover, this part of our brain is directly responsible for connecting the parts of the system of inner secretion glands, i.e. the endocrine system with the NS. Moreover, it is interconnected with our limbic system. Namely, it helps manage memories, as well as emotions.
Where are the blood vessels located in the diencephalon?
The roof of the diencephalon contains two blood vessels. They enter the third ventricle cavity. This is the point where the function of the cerebrospinal fluid production takes place too. The optic chiasm is the key component of the diencephalon floor.
How does the diencephalon communicate with the fourth ventricle?
It also communicates with the fourth ventricle posteroinferiorly via the cerebral aqueduct of Sylvius. It possesses a roof, a floor and four walls: anterior, posterior and two lateral. The roof is formed by the thin tela choroidea, which is a combination of two membranes, the ependyma and pia mater.