What is phytochrome interacting factor?

What is phytochrome interacting factor?

The basic helix-loop-helix domain-containing transcription factors that interact physically with the red and far-red light photoreceptors, phytochromes, are called PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTORS (PIFs).

What is phytochrome responsible for?

Phytochromes are a class of photoreceptor in plants, bacteria and fungi used to detect light. They regulate the germination of seeds (photoblasty), the synthesis of chlorophyll, the elongation of seedlings, the size, shape and number and movement of leaves and the timing of flowering in adult plants.

Is PIF a transcription factor?

PIF-interacting proteins control the transcriptional activities of PIFs either by activating or inhibiting PIF’s capacity to bind directly to DNA.

What do you mean by Photomorphogenesis?

In developmental biology, photomorphogenesis is light-mediated development, where plant growth patterns respond to the light spectrum. This is a completely separate process from photosynthesis where light is used as a source of energy.

What are the two forms of phytochrome?

Phytochrome exists in two interconvertible forms The forms are named by the color of light that they absorb maximally: Pr is a blue form that absorbs red light (660 nm) and Pfr is a blue-green form that absorbs far-red light (730 nm).

How do plants respond to light stimuli?

One important light response in plants is phototropism, which involves growth toward—or away from—a light source. Positive phototropism is growth towards a light source; negative phototropism is growth away from light.

Which is the important phytochrome mediated process?

Photomorphogenesis is the process by which plants grow and develop in response to light signals. This process is mediated by a sophisticated network of photoreceptors among which phytochromes play a key role.

How do Cryptochromes work?

Cryptochromes are photoreceptors that regulate entrainment by light of the circadian clock in plants and animals. They also act as integral parts of the central circadian oscillator in animal brains and as receptors controlling photomorphogenesis in response to blue or ultraviolet (UV-A) light in plants.

What is phytochrome PR and PFR?

Phytochromes have two photo-interconvertible forms: Pr and Pfr. Pr absorbs red light (~667 nm) and is immediately converted to Pfr. Pfr absorbs far-red light (~730 nm) and is quickly converted back to Pr.

Why does PFR inhibit flowering?

During the long period Pfr is converted into Pr form which initiates flowering. If the long dark period is interrupted with red light, flowering is inhibited. This is because in red light Pr form is converted into Pfr form, which inhibits flowering.

What are the 5 tropisms and the plant’s response to each?

Plants are like humans and animals, at least in the sense that they constantly adapt to their environment to preserve their well-being. Phototropism, thigmotropism, gravitropism, hydrotropism, and thermotropism are common tropic responses in plants.

What are 3 stimuli that plants respond to?

environmental stimuli.

  • Light.
  • (Phototropism)
  • Gravity.
  • (Gravitropism)
  • Moisture.
  • Touch.
  • (Thi.
  • t i )

Which is the most important Phytochrome Interacting Factor?

PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTORS (PIFs), a small subfamily of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) TFs, have been indicated to be centrally critical to the promotion of skotomorphogenic development in dark-grown seedlings [19], [20].

How does phytochromes inhibit the function of PIFs?

Phytochromes do this in part by inhibiting the function of a group of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors called phytochrome-interacting factors (PIFs).

Which is the phytochrome-interacting transcription factor cspif8?

A phytochrome-interacting transcription factor CsPIF8 enhanced cold tolerance in citrus. CsPIF8 positively regulate CsSOD expression in citrus. CsPIF8 increased SOD activity to scavenge superoxide anions. As one of the subtropical and tropical fruit trees, Citrus sinensis is sensitive to cold stress.

Which is Phytochrome Interacting Factor in Arabidopsis?

PIFs are bHLH transcription factors that preferentially interact with the Pfr form of phy (phy–Pfr). Arabidopsis has eight PIFs: PIF1, PIF3-8, and the recently reported PIL1, which we propose renaming PIF2 ( Table 1 ). All the Arabidopsis PIFs have an APB motif, and PIF1 and PIF3 have additional APA motifs.