What happened to the Hohokam culture?
The Hohokam decline is part of a larger pattern of abandonment seen throughout the American Southwest. Recent studies suggest that people began migrating toward the south during a major drought in the Four Corners area in the 1200s.
What did the Hohokam domesticate?
The Hohokam had no domesticated livestock. They hunted game such as deer, rabbit, and quail. They harvested shellfish and fish from their canals. The Hohokam made pottery and stone tools, and wove cotton textiles.
How did the Hohokam get food?
The Hohokam supplemented their primarily plant-food diet with meat. They had no domestic animals except the dog, so most meat was obtained by hunting. Deer and rabbit were the most important meat sources, but the Indians also killed and ate mountain sheep, antelope, and rodents, including mice and ground squirrels.
What food did the Hohokam eat?
Corn was the main food of the Hohokam. Corn was dried and ground between stones called a mano and metate to make corn meal. Beans and squash were also grown and could be eaten fresh or dried in the sun and stored for winter.
Where did the Hohokam people settle?
The Hohokam lived in the Phoenix Basin along the Gila and Salt Rivers, in southern Arizona along the Santa Cruz and San Pedro Rivers, and north on the Lower Verde River and along the New and Agua Fria Rivers.
What is the Hohokam tribe known for?
The Hohokam are probably most famous for their creation of extensive irrigation canals along the Salt and Gila rivers. In fact, the Hohokam had the largest and most complex irrigation systems of any culture in the New World north of Peru.
What was the Hohokam culture most famous for?
Hohokam Culture. The Hohokam are probably most famous for their creation of extensive irrigation canals along the Salt and Gila rivers. In fact, the Hohokam had the largest and most complex irrigation systems of any culture in the New World north of Peru. Not even the complex societies in Mesoamerica had such extensive irrigation canals.
Where did the Hohokam tribe get their water?
Carla Booker and Alexandra Howard recording a prehistoric canal exposed in a trench at the Riverview development in Mesa. O’odham water control gate in historic period irrigation canal. The Hohokam were the only culture in North America to rely on irrigation canals to supply water to their crops.
Where did the Hohokam people live in Mexico?
People who resided in the Hohokam (ho-ho-kahm) region were probably among the ancestors of contemporary southern desert populations, such as the O’odham, as well as Pueblo populations and perhaps other populations in northern Mexico. Early Hohokam settlements consist of clusters of shallow pithouses.
How big was the Hohokam irrigation system in Peru?
Hohokam Culture. In fact, the Hohokam had the largest and most complex irrigation systems of any culture in the New World north of Peru. Not even the complex societies in Mesoamerica had such extensive irrigation canals. Accompanying the canals were extensive villages that covered hundreds of acres and were occupied by several hundred people.