Where is hepatitis B most common in the world?

Where is hepatitis B most common in the world?

Hepatitis B occurs in nearly every part of the world but is more common in some countries in Asia, Africa, South America and the Caribbean.

What countries are affected by hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is found in every country, but the risk is higher in South America, Africa, eastern Europe and Asia (see map).

Which country has the highest rate of hepatitis?

The countries with the highest prevalence include Cameroon (13.8%), Burundi (11.3%) and Gabon (9.2%). The countries with the lowest prevalence Equatorial Guinea (1.7%), CAR (2.4%) and Sudan (2.8%) (Figure ​1A). Anti-hepatitis C virus prevalence (A) and genotype distribution (B) in Sub-Saharan Africa.

How many people have hepatitis B globally?

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that during 2019(1): 296 million people worldwide are living with hepatitis B.

Why hepatitis B is not curable?

Chronic hepatitis B hasn’t been cured so far in part because current therapies have failed to destroy the viral reservoir, where the virus hides in the cell. This is in contrast to hepatitis C virus, which has no such viral reservoir and can now be cured with as little as 12 weeks of treatment.

Which hepatitis is worse B or C?

While hepatitis C tends to get more attention and research funding, hepatitis B is considerably more common and causes more liver-related cancer and death worldwide than hepatitis C. Combined, chronic hepatitis B and C account for approximately 80% of the world’s liver cancer cases.

Can I go abroad if I have hepatitis B?

Individuals will be deported if they are found to be positive for hepatitis B. An immigration policy may exist that appears to deny extended stay visas or work permits to people living with chronic hepatitis B, but you can challenge this with a letter and health report from your doctor.

Is hepatitis B permanent?

Most adults with hepatitis B recover fully, even if their signs and symptoms are severe. Infants and children are more likely to develop a chronic (long-lasting) hepatitis B infection. A vaccine can prevent hepatitis B, but there’s no cure if you have the condition.

How long can hepatitis B patient live?

Among females, chronic liver disease represents a relatively higher proportion of liver-related deaths (Figure ​ 3). Among those aged 80 to 84 years, HCC carries the highest risk among both men and women….

Life expectancy (years)
Low 68.4 78.1
Middle 71.8 80.1
High 74.3 81.3
Noncarrier 76.2 82.0

How bad is hepatitis B?

How serious is chronic (long-term) hepatitis B? Chronic hepatitis B can develop into a serious disease resulting in long-term health problems, including liver damage, liver failure, liver cancer, and even death. There were 1,649 deaths related to hepatitis B virus reported to CDC in 2018, but this is an underestimate.