What is intermittent preventive treatment in infants?

What is intermittent preventive treatment in infants?

Intermittent Preventive Treatment in infants (IPTi) is the administration of preventive antimalarial drugs to infants to provide personal protection against malaria transmission.

What is SP in malaria treatment?

Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) using sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) remains an effective strategy for preventing malaria in pregnancy.

When is IPT given during pregnancy?

transmission should receive at least two doses of IPT after quickening. clinic visits, with three visits after quickening. The delivery of IPT-SP at each scheduled visit after quickening will assure that a high proportion of women receive at least two doses.

Can children take sulfadoxine pyrimethamine?

Children 2 months of age and older: Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. The dose may range from ¼ tablet to ¾ tablet taken once every seven days, or ½ tablet to 1½ tablets taken once every fourteen days.

What are the solutions to malaria?

In most malaria-endemic countries, four interventions—case management (diagnosis and treatment), ITNs, IPTp, and IRS—make up the essential package of malaria interventions. Occasionally, other interventions are used: Larval control and other vector control interventions. Mass drug administration and Mass fever …

What is intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy?

Intermittent Preventive Treatment of pregnancy (IPTp) involves the administration of therapeutic doses of an antimalarial drug to a population at risk whether or not they are known to be infected, at specific point intervals usually with the aim of reducing morbidity and mortality.

Why is SP and folic acid not given together?

Folic acid at a daily dose equal or above to 5 mg should not be given together with SP as this counteracts the antimalarial efficacy of SP.

How long does Fansidar stay in the body?

Elimination. A relatively long elimination half-life is characteristic of both components. The mean values are about 100 hours for pyrimethamine and about 200 hours for sulfadoxine. Both pyrimethamine and sulfadoxine are eliminated mainly via the kidneys.

What are the symptoms of malaria in pregnancy?

Symptoms of malaria include fever, myalgias, chills, headaches and malaise. Anemia is prominent. Infected red blood cells can adhere to the microvasculature in the lungs and brain and cause endothelial damage leading to the severe manifestations of the disease.

How many times should a pregnant woman treat malaria?

The National malaria control program,6,7 recommends two doses of IPT-SP during normal pregnancy; the first dose to be administered at quickening, which ensures that the woman is in the second trimester, and the second dose given at least one month from the first.

What drug is used for malaria prophylaxis?

Atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone), doxycycline, and mefloquine are the drugs of choice for malaria prevention in most malaria-endemic regions.

Can Fansidar treat malaria?

Fansidar (sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine) Tablets is an antiparasitic drug used to treat malaria. Fansidar is available in generic form.