What are the 3 categories of personal data breaches?
- confidentiality breach, where there is an unauthorised or accidental disclosure of or access to personal data.
- availability breach, where there is an accidental or loss of access to or destruction of personal data.
- integrity breach, where there is unauthorised or accidental alteration of personal data.
What are the types of data breach?
Types of Data Breaches
- Stolen Information.
- Password Guessing.
- Recording Key Strokes.
- Malware or Virus.
- Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)
What are the four types of data classification?
Typically, there are four classifications for data: public, internal-only, confidential, and restricted.
How is data breach identified?
It’s a simple two-step process to put a Data Breach Internal Discovery plan together. Identify data of value – the easy part is identifying those data sets that are part of a business process. The hard part is the presence of any extraneous copies of that data. But you need to find them all.
Is breaching GDPR illegal?
The UK GDPR and DPA 2018 set a maximum fine of £17.5 million or 4% of annual global turnover – whichever is greater – for infringements. Th EU GDPR sets a maximum fine of €20 million (about £18 million) or 4% of annual global turnover – whichever is greater – for infringements.
What is an example of a data breach?
Examples of a breach might include: loss or theft of hard copy notes, USB drives, computers or mobile devices. an unauthorised person gaining access to your laptop, email account or computer network. sending an email with personal data to the wrong person.
What should I do if I identify a data breach?
You must report a notifiable breach to the ICO without undue delay, but not later than 72 hours after becoming aware of it. If you take longer than this, you must give reasons for the delay.
Why is a data breach Bad?
Depending on the type of data involved, the consequences can include destruction or corruption of databases, the leaking of confidential information, the theft of intellectual property and regulatory requirements to notify and possibly compensate those affected.
What are the different types of data breaches?
Hacking/Computer Intrusion (includes Phishing, Ransomware/Malware and Skimming): Cyber criminals are getting smarter every day and are constantly using a variety of techniques both new (zero-day) as well as variations on old exploits.
What was the largest data breach in history?
However, by October of 2017, Yahoo changed the estimate to 3 billion user accounts. An investigation revealed that users’ passwords in clear text, payment card data and bank information were not stolen. Nonetheless, this remains one of the largest data breaches of this type in history.
Who are the threat actors in data breaches?
Notable findings: Threat actors attributed to state-affiliated groups or nation-states combine to make up 96% of breaches, with former employees, competitors, and organized criminal groups representing the rest.
When to take legal action for a data breach?
Whether an intentional breach, accidental error or theft, the data owner is entitled to take legal action for potential losses or damage that comes as a result of the breach of confidentiality. This is when there is an unauthorised or accidental alteration of personal data.