What is the history of Chhau dance?

What is the history of Chhau dance?

Origin and History The Chhau Dance originates in the Purulia district in West Bengal and draws inspiration from martial arts and combative training. This form of dance is a means to portray stories to the audience, which is why elaborate masks and headgear associated with battle and war are worn during the performance.

Who started Chhau dance?

Chhau dance is a tradition from eastern India that enacts episodes from epics including the Mahabharata and Ramayana, local folklore and abstract themes. Its three distinct styles hail from the regions of Seraikella, Purulia and Mayurbhanj, the first two using masks.

Where Chhau dance is famous?

The Chhau dance is mainly performed during festivals in the region of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Odisha, especially the spring festival of Chaitra Parva and in which the whole community participates. The Purulia Chhau dance is celebrated during the Sun festival.

Who is famous in Chhau dance?

From the age of 14 I began studying the basics of dance and music with the famous Seraikella Chhau dancer Late Guru Natasekhar Banbihari Pattanayak, and Guru Padma Shri Rajkumar S.N. Singhdeo and Padma Shri Guru Kedar Nath Sahoo.

Why Chhau dance is performed?

Chhau dance has a significant role in the celebration of the spring festival Chaitra Parva, being innately connected to its rituals. It is a people’s art as it involves the entire community. It is performed by male dancers from families of traditional artists, or those trained under Gurus or Ustads (masters).

Where is Chhau dance originated?

Mayurbhanj
Chhau, a form of tribal martial dance of India, is believed to have originated in the former princely state of Mayurbhanj. Today, three variations of the dance are performed in eastern India – Seraikella Chhau in Jharkhand, Mayurbhanj Chhau in Orissa, and Purulia Chhau in West Bengal.

In which state Chhau dance is performed?

Jharkhand
The chhau, a unique form of masked dance, is preserved by the royal family of the former state of Saraikela in Jharkhand. The dancer impersonates a god, animal, bird, hunter, rainbow, night, or flower.

How many types of Chhau dance are there?

There are three major forms of Chhau each known by its respective geographical location. These are Seraikella Chhau of Bihar (Now in Jharkhand) Mayurbanj Chhau of Orissa and Purlieu Chhau of West Bengal.

How old is Chhau dance?

One of India’s oldest dance forms, the Chhau dance is a traditional, semi-classical dance that started in the 19th century and combines folklore with tribal traditions and martials arts.

In which state Kolattam dance is famous?

Andhra Pradesh state of
Kolannalu or kolkolannalu (also named kolattam), ‘stick dance’, is one of the most popular dance narratives in the Andhra Pradesh state of India. It is a rural art usually performed during village festivals.

Which state is famous for Bihu dance?

Assam
One cannot describe Assam without talking about the world famous Bihu dance, which has become the identity of the northeastern state. Performed mostly during the annual Bihu festival celebrated around April, it is Assam’s most popular folk dance.

Which state dance is Dumhal?

of Jammu and Kashmir
Dumhal is a dance performed in the Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir by the Watal tribe. Only the men folk of the wattal are privileged to perform this dance, on specific occasions and at set locations.

Which is the origin of the Chhau dance?

It has its own story. Chhau Dance is a semi-classical Indian dance with martial, tribal, and folk origins from the Eastern Indian states such as West Bengal, Odhisa, and Jharkhand. According to its origin, we have three forms of Chhau folk dance: the Purulia Chhau of Bengal, the Seraikella Chhau of Jharkhand, and the Mayurbhanj Chhau of Odhisa.

How is the Chhau dance celebrated in Purulia?

The Purulia Chhau dance is celebrated during the Sun festival. Masks form an integral part of Chhau dance in Purulia and Seraikella styles. The knowledge of dance, music and mask-making is transmitted orally.

Where does Mayurbhanj Chhau dance take place?

These masks are crafted by potters who make clay images of Hindu gods and goddesses and is primarily sourced from the Purulia district of West Bengal. In the Mayurbhanj Chhau is performed without masks and is technically similar to the Seraikella Chhau.

What kind of costume does a Chhau dancer wear?

The costume plays a vital role in this performance as the Purulia Chhau Dance is known for its distinctive set and costumes. The male dancers wear brightly colored dhotis (flared bottoms) with a matching kurta on top.